Britain's Census Results: Ethnicity, Religion & Identity (2023)


Sign up to Brilliant (the first 200 sign ups get 20% off an annual premium subscription):

Explore the Census data yourself:

The UK has just released the complete data from the recent census, so we wanted to dive into the data and find out who Britain really is (well specifically England and Wales). So let's uncover the ethnicities, religions & identities which make up Britain

💬 Twitter:
📸 Instagram:
🎞 TikTok:
🗣 Discord:

💡 Got a Topic Suggestion? -

Support TLDR on Patreon:
Donate by PayPal:
TLDR Store:
TLDR TeeSpring Store:
Learn About Our Funding:

TLDR is all about getting you up to date with the news of today, without bias and without filter. We aim to give you the information you need, quickly and simply so that you can make your own decision.

TLDR is a completely independent & privately owned media company that's not afraid to tackle the issues we think are most important. The channel is run by just a small group of young people, with us hoping to pass on our enthusiasm for politics to other young people. We are primarily fan sourced with most of our funding coming from donations and ad revenue. No shady corporations, no one telling us what to say. We can't wait to grow further and help more people get informed. Help support us by subscribing, following, and backing us on Patreon. Thanks!


This video was brought to you by brilliant here in the UK, every 10 years, we conduct a census.

This tradition dates back to the infamous Doomsday Book, which was commissioned in 1086 by William, the Conqueror in order to record the annual value of property.

This was to try and estimate taxation rates, although a number of different censuses took place in the years since it wasn't until the census Act was passed in 1800 that a regular National census started taking place every 10 years, starting in 1801, a census has taken place every 10 years with the only exception being 1941.

we'll, leave.

You clever people to figure out why this may not have taken place.

Anyway, the maths Geniuses amongst you may have noticed that last year 2021 was a census year as it takes a little time for the office for National statistics to compile the data from it they're, releasing the data in batches.

However, the first batch was released this week.

And in 12 pretty interesting so let's have a look through it foreign.

The first batch of data has three important sections ethnic group national identity language and religion, demography and migration and UK Armed Forces veterans in a classic tldr style, we're going to break this video down into three sections going through each of them in turn let's start by going through the most talked about part of the data so far the data on ethnic groups, national identity language and religion, our national identity fewer people say that they identified as being from a UK national identity than they did in 2011.

The time of the last census this is down roughly two percent.

The big finding here is that those who identified as English has dropped by a gargantuan 42 percentage points from 57.7 in 2011 to a mere 14.9 percent in 2021.

Now, the ons has pointed out that a big part of this change can be explained by the fact that British was put as the first possible option.

So we can only take a limited amount from this statistic.

There's also been a big shift in non-uk nationalities, Romanian, for example, has jumped from the 15th national identity in 2011 to second in 2021 and Spanish has jumped from 16th to eighth Irish has moved down from second to Fourth.

There were also some big shifts in relation to ethnicity too the number of people who identified themselves as a high level category of white decreased from 86 to 81.7 percent.

Now we should say here that this statistic has been misinterpreted by some of the more reactionary, right-wing commentators online who've claimed that certain British cities, including London are now minority white London is indeed 37.

White British, however, it's not minority.

White London is 53 White.

In fact, the ons even note themselves that the largest percentage Point increase was seen in the number of people identifying through the white other white category.

There were also some pretty big changes in the numbers of other ethnicities.

The other largest change was in well.

The other ethnic group category with this rising from 0.6 to 1.6 percent.

Another big rise was in the number of people identifying as African.

This went up from 1.8 percent in 2011 to 2.5 last year.

Anyway, another well-reported Finding from the Census was the change in religion.

The big finding here was that for the first time ever in a census less than half the population described themselves as Christian in what has been a 13.1 percent decrease in only 10 years.

The UK is now a minority Christian country.

There was a huge 12 point decrease in those who say that they do not follow any religion.

A 1.6 increase was seen in those identifying as Muslim alongside a 0.2 percent increase in those who identify as Hindu clearly this demonstrates, the UK is swiftly becoming a more diverse country.

And that Christianity is swiftly losing its dominance.

Anyway, there are some more signs that Britain's becoming more diverse.

When we look at the second section of the ons data release on demography.

Anyway, let's start this section though by looking at the basic changes in things like population and households, the ons found that in 2021, the population of England and Wales was about 59.6 million, which is the largest population ever recorded.

This was a growth of 3.5 million or about 6.3 percent since the last census back in 2011.

corresponding to this.

There were about 1.4 million more households since 2011, too, which was a 6.1 increase sticking on the topic of households.

There were some developments here, too notably in terms of deprivation.

In essence, the ons categorizes deprivation as at least one member of a household meeting, one of four criteria being unemployed, having few gcses having bad health or living in overcrowded accommodation, the census revealed that 51.7 percent of households in England and Wales were deprived.

Although this sounds ridiculously high.

This is actually down from 2011.

When 57.6 percent of households were deprived the most deprived area of England and Wales is the Northeast, and the least deprived is the southeast the census results then move on to discuss marriage status.

One of the big changes with this is that in 2014, gay marriage became legal in the UK and opposite sex.

Civil Partnerships became legal in 2019.

The largest group in the most recent census is still people in a marriage or civil partnership.

And while this has increased numerically since 2011 from 21.3 million to 21.7 million.

This is decreased as a percentage of the population from 46.8 percent to 44.6 percent.

As we mentioned.

This is the first census in which we can observe how many homosexual marriages have taken place.

There are currently 134 000 individuals in this kind of marriage, which makes up only 0.6 percent of individuals in marriages.

There are additionally, 67 000 homosexuals in civil Partnerships still.

So that was some of the more interesting points from the demography of England and Wales from the Census.

So let's move on to the last part of the ons data.

The changes in those who have worked for the Armed Forces.

There are currently 1.85 million people who reported that they had previously worked for the Armed Forces who live in the UK and the local authorities with the highest proportion of veterans were gosport North, cast even and richmondshire in England and Conway in Wales.

However, there just wasn't that much data released by The ons on Veterans.

But we have run you through the more interesting bits.

If you want to read anything more about this section or any other section of the Census Data released so far, we've linked it in the description anyway, in conclusion, the Census Data released so far demonstrates that Britain is a country that is changing very quickly.

The population is getting larger.

And with this groups that were previously dominant are shrinking Britain is becoming more Multicultural with smaller ethnicities, nationalities and religions growing in size we'll have to wait until 2031, though to see whether this trend continues.

Now, what you want me to tell you here is that everyone knows what they're doing and is making rational decisions.

But unfortunately that that's not always the case when it comes to politics, but it can be in your life.

If you sign up to brilliant the stem learning platform where you can learn everything from Quantum Computing or algebra to logical decision, making the skills severely lacking in the world at the moment.

Now, their logical, thinking course, might start simple.

But it builds teaching you logical reasoning skills until you're solving problems that previously seemed impossible.

And is the perfect time of year to invest in yourself, too with us heading into a new year, why not improve yourself and keep traveling on a journey of lifelong learning and you'll get hooked on the empowering feeling of learning too, because this isn't just about memorization or lectures, brilliant teaches you by doing using Active Learning techniques to teach you the principles behind otherwise complex subjects and ensuring that you actually understand what's going on and it's, not just traditional stem topics, either there's some incredibly unique and fun stuff on there, too like courses from YouTubers, such as Kurtz Gazette on nearby Supernova, super volcanoes and the limits of humanity, or the brand new course from our nebula friends at real engineering.

Anyway, if you want to learn more in a fun way, then you should sign up to brilliant and the link in the description will get you 20 off an annual premium subscription, which is not only a great deal, but also supports the channel.

So thank you.


What is the ethnic identity of Britain? ›

The United Kingdom is an ethnically diverse society. The largest ethnic group in the United Kingdom is White British, followed by Asian British. Ethnicity in the United Kingdom is formally recorded at the national level through a census.

What is the census racial breakdown UK? ›

"White: Other White" (6.2%, 3.7 million in 2021, up from 4.4%, 2.5 million in 2011) "Other ethnic group: Any other ethnic group" (1.6%, 924,000 in 2021, up from 0.6%, 333,000 in 2011) "Black, Black British, Black Welsh, Caribbean or African: African" (2.5%, 1.5 million in 2021, up from 1.8%, 990,000 in 2011).

What are the demographics of England census? ›

The 2021 Census data shows that: the total population of England and Wales was 59.6 million. 48.7 million people (81.7%) were from white ethnic groups – 44.4 million of those identified with the white British group (74.4% of the population) and 3.7 million with the white 'other' ethnic group (6.2%)

What religion is England census data? ›

Religion, England and Wales: Census 2021

The religion question is voluntary; 94.0% (56.0 million) of usual residents answered the question in 2021, an increase from 92.9% (52.1 million) in 2011.

What is my ethnicity if I am white British? ›

White British is an ethnicity classification used for the native white population identifying as English, Scottish, Welsh, Cornish, Northern Irish, or British in the United Kingdom Census. In the 2011 census, the White British population was 49,997,686, 81.5% of Great Britain's total population.

What are the 6 ethnic groups in UK? ›

List of ethnic groups
  • English / Welsh / Scottish / Northern Irish / British.
  • Irish.
  • Gypsy or Irish Traveller.
  • Any other White background.

What are the demographics of the UK religion? ›

Across England and Wales, 46% of people identified as being Christian, 37% said they had no religion, 6% identified as Muslim, and 2% identified as Hindu. Around 2% identified as being Buddhist, Sikh, Jewish or of another religion. The dashboard below shows the results for constituencies in England and Wales.

What are the race categories for the census? ›

OMB requires five minimum categories (White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander) for race. OMB permits the Census Bureau to also use a sixth category - Some Other Race. Respondents may report more than one race.

Who is the largest minority in the UK? ›

Black British citizens, with African and/or African-Caribbean ancestry, are the largest ethnic minority population, at three percent of the total population.

What is the population analysis of England? ›

On Census Day, 21 March 2021, the size of the usual resident population in England and Wales was 59,597,542 (56,490,048 in England and 3,107,494 in Wales); this was the largest population ever recorded through a census in England and Wales.

What is British census? ›

A census in the UK is a count of all people and households. The latest census in the UK was held on 27 March 2011.

What is the ethnic population projection for the UK? ›

Without migration in or out (the second “natural change” variant), the projected ethnic percentages by mid-century would be 80 per cent “white British,” 16 per cent non-white and 4 per cent “other white.” This increase of the ethnic minority populations from present levels is almost inevitable; it follows from the ...

Are Christians a minority in England? ›

Some 46.2% of the population of England and Wales described themselves as Christian on the day of the 2021 census, down from 59.3% a decade earlier.

Are Christians a minority in the UK? ›

Census 2021 will probably be remembered as the one in which Christianity became a minority religion in England and Wales. On census day, 21 March 2021, 46.2% of people identified themselves as Christians, compared with 59.3% of the population in the 2011 census, a 13-percentage point drop in a decade.

What percentage of the British population says they have no religion? ›

The striking census findings – which also show more than 50% of twentysomethings are not religious, compared with under 37% a decade earlier – are expected to fuel debate over whether state schools should still be required to provide “broadly Christian” daily worship, and the role of the Church of England in parliament ...

Is it black English or black British? ›

The term Black British has most commonly been used to refer to Black people of New Commonwealth origin, of both West African and South Asian descent. For example, Southall Black Sisters was established in 1979 "to meet the needs of black (Asian and Afro-Caribbean) women".

What are the 5 ethnic groups? ›

The most recent United States census officially recognized seven racial categories (White, Black, Latino, Asian, Native American/Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian), as well as people of two or more races.

What is the difference between ethnicity and nationality? ›

Ethnicity refers to shared cultural characteristics such as language, ancestry, practices, and beliefs. It is easy to confuse nationality and tribe, but there are major differences between them. Nationality is the relationship between a person and the political state to which he belongs or is affiliated.

What is the difference between ethnicity and nationality in the UK? ›

Ethnic origin is defined by a shared history/ancestry, language, or distinctive shared culture. Nationality is determined by what is on your passport (British) and national origin is the country where you were born (English).

What percent of the US is white? ›

White alone, percent 75.5%
Black or African American alone, percent(a) 13.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a) 1.3%
Asian alone, percent(a) 6.3%
54 more rows

What are the 7 different races? ›

Definitions for New Race and Ethnicity Categories
  • American Indian or Alaska Native.
  • Asian.
  • Black or African American.
  • Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander.
  • White.

Is England Protestant or Catholic? ›

Is the Church of England Catholic or Protestant? The Church of England is Protestant.

What percentage of Muslims in the UK are white? ›

Ethnic groups
Ethnic group2021
NumberMuslims as % of ethnic group
– Irish Traveller4440.69%
– Other White129,1963.60%
22 more rows

What are the 6 human races? ›

German Johann Friedrich Blumenbach's classification, first proposed in 1779, was widely used in the 19th century, with many variations.
  • the Ethiopian/black race.
  • the Caucasian race/white race.
  • the Mongolian/yellow race.
  • the American/red race.
  • the Malayan/brown race.

How does the census define race and ethnicity? ›

On census surveys, an individual can report as White, Black or African American, Asian, American Indian and Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, or some other race. Additionally, respondents may report multiple races. Ethnicity determines whether a person is of Hispanic origin or not.

What is the largest ethnicity in the world? ›

Lower literacy rates are found mostly in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The world's largest ethnic group is Han Chinese, constituting over 19% of the global population in 2011. In terms of the largest number of native speakers, Mandarin is the world's most spoken language.

What is the main religion of Britain? ›

The UK's official religion is Christianity, and churches of all denominations can be found throughout the UK, such as Catholic, Protestant, Baptist and Methodist. The main other religions are Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, Judaism and Buddhism.

What religion is UK minority? ›

Some 46.2% of the population of England and Wales described themselves as Christian on the day of the 2021 census, down from 59.3% a decade earlier. The Muslim population grew from 4.9% to 6.5% of the total, while 1.7% identified as Hindu, up from 1.5%.

What percentage of the UK population is black? ›

Across England and Wales, 82% of people identified with a White ethnic group, 9% with an Asian ethnic group, 4% with a Black ethnic group, 3% with Mixed or Multiple ethnic groups, and 2% with other ethnic groups. Go to section: Explore constituency data. Top 20 constituencies by ethnic group.

What is the population structure in the UK? ›

2021 Census data shows that: 29.1% of all people in England and Wales (17.3 million) were under 25 years old. 20.2% (12.0 million) were aged 25 to 39 years. 26.3% (15.6 million) were aged 40 to 59 years.

How is the population distributed in England? ›

The UK has a current population of 86.8 million people (2022). The population is spread all over the nation, across England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. However, the distribution of the population is uneven, with areas in the UK which are heavily populated, and others which are very sparsely populated.

Does England have census records? ›

A census has been taken in England and Wales, and separately for Scotland, every ten years since 1801, with the exception of 1941.

Is the UK census reliable? ›

The census provides a unique snapshot of our society every 10 years, giving us the most accurate estimate of all the people and households in England and Wales. Information from the census helps the government and local authorities (LAs) to plan and fund local services, such as education, healthcare and transport.

What is the oldest census in England? ›

The first official census was in 1801, but the 1841 census, run by the new registration service, is regarded as the first modern census.

Is the UK becoming more ethnically diverse? ›

Our findings show that ethnic diversity in England and Wales has steadily increased: from 2.02 in 2001, to 3.56 in 2011, to 5.14 in 2021.

Which ethnic group is the most active in the UK? ›

The findings from our May 18/19 report show that Mixed and White Other adults continue to have the highest activity levels, while Asian (excluding Chinese), Black and those with other ethnic origins are the least likely to be active.

Is the UK in the demographic transition? ›

The population of the UK has undergone demographic transition—that is, the transition from a (typically) pre-industrial population, with high birth and mortality rates and slow population growth, through a stage of falling mortality and faster rates of population growth, to a stage of low birth and mortality rates with ...

Why is religion declining in UK? ›

Baby boomers lost their religion in the 1960s and raised their millennial children to be non-religious. That's why the number ticking 'Christian' on the census has dropped as older people die out and younger people select the category of 'non religion'.”

What is British Christianity called? ›

The Church of England, or Anglican Church, is the primary state church in England, where the concepts of church and state are linked. The Church of England is considered the original church of the Anglican Communion, which represents over 85 million people in more than 165 countries.

What percentage of British Christians are Catholic? ›


-- Around 5.2 million Catholics live in England and Wales, or around 9.6 percent of the population there, and nearly 700,000 in Scotland, or around 14 percent.

Who is the minority in the UK? ›

Linguistic minorities who are indigenous to the British Isles include speakers of Scottish and Irish Gaelic, Welsh, Cornish, Manx, Scots and Ulster-Scots, and of Norman French in the Channel Islands.

What percentage of the UK attend church? ›

Church attendance

The 2014 British Social Attitudes Survey found that 58.4% of the population never attend religious services while only 13.1% of people report going to a religious service once a week or more.

What do you call someone who has no religion but believes in god? ›

An agnostic theist believes in the existence of one or more gods, but regards the basis of this proposition as unknown or inherently unknowable. The agnostic theist may also or alternatively be agnostic regarding the properties of the god or gods that they believe in.

What percentage of the UK is white? ›

Government data about the UK's different ethnic groups. 82% of people in England and Wales are white, and 18% belong to a black, Asian, mixed or other ethnic group (2021 Census data).

What country has the most atheists? ›

According to sociologists Ariela Keysar and Juhem Navarro-Rivera's review of numerous global studies on atheism, there are 450 to 500 million positive atheists and agnostics worldwide (7% of the world's population) with China alone accounting for 200 million of that demographic.

Is British a national identity? ›

Overall, 90.3% of the population (53.8 million people) in England and Wales identified with at least one UK national identity (English, Welsh, Scottish, Northern Irish, British, and Cornish).

What is British culture? ›

British culture is a beautiful and unique mix of four countries: England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. The mix of all these countries' traditions is what makes the British culture very rich and diverse and what they like to call “cultural capital.”

What is typically British? ›

A quick online search for 'the most British things' brings up a vast array of Britishisms but the most common seem to be: saying sorry, queueing, (bad teeth), separate hot and cold water taps, roast dinners, and tea and crumpets with the Queen. Naturally, everyone in the UK has tea with the Queen at least once.

What are the characteristics of the British? ›

Research carried out among 2,000 adults revealed the top 40 typically British traits, which include having a stiff upper lip, being tolerant and being culturally aware. Other classic British activities are dunking biscuits in tea, talking about the weather and saying sorry too frequently.

What are 3 examples of British identity? ›

At its core, British identity is a combination of three national identities; English, Welsh, and Scottish. Added to this mix are the numerous other national identities of immigrant communities. At times throughout history these identities have coexisted under one British identity harmoniously.

Is national identity the same as ethnicity? ›

Nationality implies the place of a person's birth, so it is simply the national identity of an individual. On the other hand, the ethnicity reflects the cultural and ancestral identity of a person.

What is the difference between British and English identity? ›

Most white people born in Great Britain, although British citizens, do not regard themselves as British and prefer to state their national identity as English, Scottish or Welsh. People born in England are called English or British and can say that they live in England, Britain and/or the UK.

What is the British religion and culture? ›

What faiths are represented in the UK? The UK's official religion is Christianity, and churches of all denominations can be found throughout the UK, such as Catholic, Protestant, Baptist and Methodist. The main other religions are Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, Judaism and Buddhism.

What are the 5 core British values? ›

British Values
  • Democracy. A culture built upon freedom and equality, where everyone is aware of their rights and responsibilities.
  • The rule of law. The need for rules to make a happy, safe and secure environment to live and work.
  • Individual liberty. ...
  • Mutual respect & tolerance of different faiths and beliefs.

What are British values culture? ›

These values are Democracy, Rule of Law, Respect and Tolerance, Individual Liberty. As part of the Prevent strategy Total People will be promoting Fundamental British Values to reflect life in modern Britain. These 4 fundamental British values are: Democracy.

What do you call a British American person? ›

English Americans (historically known as Anglo-Americans) are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England.

What is the most common British accent? ›

Variously referred to as the 'Queen's English', 'BBC English' or 'Oxford English', Received Pronunciation, or RP for short, is the accent usually described as typically British. Find out more about its origins and its current status in the UK.

What are the three types of British? ›

British subject. British national (overseas) British protected person.

What are 4 British values? ›

Fundamental British Values underpin what it is to be a citizen in a modern and diverse Great Britain valuing our community and celebrating diversity of the UK. These values are Democracy, Rule of Law, Respect and Tolerance, Individual Liberty.

What are the physical characteristics of British descent? ›

The Skin. Brits are known for their fair skin and inability to tan. A high proportion, around 86%, of the UK is white, whilst the remaining proportion is made up of Asian, black and mixed ethnicities. Although some of us go golden in the sun of Southern Europe, the majority of us turn as red as a lobster!

What are Brits most proud of? ›

The places and things that make Britons most proud to be British have been revealed in a new survey – and it's the classic treat of fish and chips that takes the top spot. It garnered 61 per cent of the vote, with the NHS in second place (56 per cent), and Big Ben and Buckingham Palace joint third (50 per cent).

Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Carmelo Roob

Last Updated: 18/12/2023

Views: 5315

Rating: 4.4 / 5 (45 voted)

Reviews: 92% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Carmelo Roob

Birthday: 1995-01-09

Address: Apt. 915 481 Sipes Cliff, New Gonzalobury, CO 80176

Phone: +6773780339780

Job: Sales Executive

Hobby: Gaming, Jogging, Rugby, Video gaming, Handball, Ice skating, Web surfing

Introduction: My name is Carmelo Roob, I am a modern, handsome, delightful, comfortable, attractive, vast, good person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.